What is a yellow spot disease?
Yellow spot disease occurs as a result of aging. It may follow a slow course and can end with loss of vision. Smoking, genetic predisposition, and habits such as unhealthy nutrition are risk factors for yellow spot disease.
Macula is actually the center of retina, behind the eye. Makula makes us to see clearly, to read and write, to drive in a healthy way. When the macula is degenerated, we cannot perform these activities in a healthy manner.
What are the symptoms of the yellow spot disease?
Macular degeneration shows different symptoms for each patient. So it can be difficult to diagnose at first. If the problem is sometimes a single eye, the other eye may continue to function normally for a long time. It can take a long time to notice when it is a single eye, but central vision loss will be detected more quickly if it is in both eyes. Blurred vision is the beginning of this illness, the lines appear to be trapezoidal, or in the middle of the center of vision appear black or white dots.
Yellow spot disease types
Dry Type: Occurs when fatty material accumulates below the retinal layers. It progresses more slowly and leads to decreased vision in the long run.
Wet Type: The patient is formed by progressive malignant capillary vessels formed in the region. This type causes sudden visual loss. It is less common than the dry type.
Who can have this disease?
Women over 60 years of age are at greater risk than men, as every fourth person with macular degeneration in the first degree relatives may develop this disease. Factors such as diabetes, hypertension, cigarette use, having a light eye, arteriosclerosis, heart growth and vitamin deficiency in people also fall into the risk group.
Yellow spot disease’s dry type is treated by a preventive treatment, while in the case of age, intraocular needle therapy and photodynamic therapy are applied. Anti-oxidants A, C, E vitamins, lutein and zinc are used in preventive treatment. The method of injection treatment in the eye is done by numbing drops. During this application, the patient does not feel any pain. In photodynamic therapy, a medicine called verteporfin is first administered in a special composition from the veins and a low intensity laser is applied.