Glaucoma (its known as eye pressure in common) is a serious eye disease for people over 40 mostly. It may develop gradually within years and damage optic nerve which allows gives us the ability to see. When vision loss occurs, it is impossible to take it back. So, early diagnose is very important for the prompt and available treatment. A detailed eye check which can only be done by developed technology could be performed at all Batıgoz and West Eye hospitals.
- Increased headaches mostly in the morning.
- Blurry vision at times
- Haloes around lights at night
- Pain around eyes while watching the T.V
INCREASING FACTORS OF GLAUCOMA
- Genetic predisposition of Glaucoma
- Being over 35 years old
- Severe Anemia or shocks
- High or Low Blood Pressure
- High Myopia
- High Hypermetropia
- Steroid taking for a long time
- Eye injuries
- Racial Factors
People who have above are most likely to have the risk of glaucoma rather than other people. These people must visit their doctors regularly and often to diagnose the damage on their optic nerve.
Developed diagnostic pieces of equipment are used to follow up glaucoma and any possible damages on the optic nerve. These diagnoses are;
- OCT – Optical Coherence Tomography – Imaging of cross-sectional images of Retina
- HRT – Heidelberg Retina Tomography – Diagnose of the optical nerve damage
- PACHYMETRY – Measuring the thickness of the cornea.
These three are very important to diagnose and plan the treatment of Glaucoma.
TREATMENT METHODS OF GLAUCOMA
There are 3 ways to treat
- Laser Treatment
- Surgical Treatment
Medication: There are different eye drops used in medication which reduce the pressure in the eyes. They are used regularly and permanently. If its seen unsatisfactory, second eye drop is added to the treatment. If the eye pressure is still not at the normal level, the third drop may also be used according to the doctor’s decision. If it insists, another treatment is necessary.
Laser Treatment: It can be applied to the people who have no benefit from medications. This treatment is a very successful method as long as it is performed on time prior to the surgery. Two kinds of laser therapy are used which are;
ALT – Argon Laser Trabeculoplasty
A drainage channel is created by Argon Laser to drain excessive intraocular fluid in the eye.
SLT – Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty
If ALT is not satisfactory, then a drainage channel is created by the lower-level selective laser.
Surgical Treatment: In this way, a drainage channel is created on the white part of our eye by surgical method. Thru this nearly invisible tunnel, intraocular fluid is drained to lower the pressure in the eye.
What is Glaucoma?
This is an insidious disease which may end up with loss of vision if not diagnosed and treated on time. Therefore annual examination is very necessary to diagnose it.
This term is used to explain a set of damages on the optic nerve. The only reason is caused by the high pressure in the eye.
When the normal circulation of our intraocular fluid (Aquos) is blocked partially or fully due to some reasons, eye pressure starts to increase. (It may also develop without it)