Childhood Myopia and What We Can Do
What is Myopia?
Göz, ışığı gerektiğinden fazla kırdığında görüntü retina denen görme tabakasının önüne düşmekte ve bundan dolayı retina üzerinde net bir görüntü sağlanamamaktadır.
When the eye refracts the light more than necessary, the image falls in front of the visual layer called the retina, and therefore there is no clear image on the retina.
For what is the eye number given?
The numbers are given to correct myopia. At this point, the person gets a clear image.
Why does myopia proceed?
Especially in childhood, the front posterior diameter of the eye grows with the development of the body. The number of eyes used for eye enlargement is insufficient and the image falls again in front of the retina, and the vision gradually fades. With the new glasses to be given, the eye number is increased and the vision is reduced again on the retina. Therefore the clarification of the vision is ensured. In certain eye examinations, the eye number is continuously adjusted in parallel with the increase of the anterior posterior diameter of the eye, thus giving a clear view of the person.
How often is myopia diagnosed?
Myopia is a worldwide public health issue and is one of the top five eye conditions on the World Health Organization’s Preventable Blindness list, which states that it is a priority. The incidence of myopia was found in about 50% of studies in children in the age of university in Asia and Europe. In the United States, the incidence of myopia has increased from 25% to 42% over 30 years.
Why is myopia important?
Myopia is a risk factor for eye diseases as well as the economic resources necessary to distort and correct vision. The risk of eye diseases such as myopia, glaucoma, cataracts and retinal detachment is increasing. Risks associated with myopia are even in low myopia (below -3 Diopterine). As myopia increases, the risk also increases. Myopia is the most important risk factor for myopic maculopathy. Myopic maculopathy is considered one of the top five reasons for blindness in the UK, Ireland and Israel.
Can proceeding childhood myopia be hindered?
A variety of methods have been tried to stop the proceeding of myopia in childhood. In a study that compared 16 different methods tested to date, “Low Dose Atropine” treatment was found to be effective as a treatment method that prevented progress.
Treatment with low dose atropine?
In two large studies with atropine, certain information has been obtained that the medicine has stopped and/or slowed the myopia progression.
According to these studies, treatment with low dose with higher myopia and myopia progression lasting 24 months can be started at the age of 6-12 years. In untreated children, 1.2 Dioptri progression was seen within 2 years, while progression in the treated group was found between 0.2-0.5 Dioptri.
If your child has myopia and you would like to know if it is suitable for a “Low Dose Atropine” treatment, please get an examination appointment at one of the BATIGOZ centers.